Various free trade or economic partnership agreements concluded between the European Union (EU) and third countries allow companies to receive customs advantages when exporting goods. To benefit, the company has to prove that the products exported are originally from a country that is a signatory to the agreement.
In this context, the EUR1 certificate is a certificate for the movement of goods used for export to a country having signed a preferential agreement with the EU. It provides an exemption from or a reduction in customs fees, as applicable. The benefit obtained depends both on the country concerned and the goods exported.
It is the responsibility of the exporter wishing to benefit from the customs advantage to prove the preferential origin of the goods exported. This approach requires an application for an EUR1 movement certificate.
This can be done by completing a form sold by approved printers or available online using the Electronic Management of International Formalities (GEFI) platform.
In addition to the EUR1 certificate, the supplier may be required to prove the origin of the goods with a specific declaration.
There is also an EUR2 preferential origin certificate, which is used specifically for trade with Syria.
For the preferential origin to be recognised, goods exported must have been produced:
The exporter must procure an EUR1 form from the administration approved by customs and excise. In France, these are the Chambers of Commerce and Industry (CCI). The exporter must then complete the form and have it stamped by the competent customs office at the time of the customs formalities for the export.
The EUR1 preferential origin certificate may be replaced with an invoice declaration in 2 specific cases:
Unlike the EUR1 certificate, an invoice declaration does not require a stamp from customs. The following must be indicated on the invoice:
Therefore, an invoice declaration is much easier to manage than an EUR1 certificate application.